sábado, 20 de dezembro de 2008

Sua Santidade o Dalai Lama


domingo, 16 de novembro de 2008

Objeção de Consciência

Thich Nhat Hanh

"Numa civilização em que a tecnologia é crucial para o sucesso, existe pouco espaço para a solidariedade. Mas quando meditamos profundamente sobre a vida passamos a nos identificar até mesmo com as formigas e as lagartas. Poderemos fracassar como fazendeiros, porque , provavelmente, nos recusaremos a usar inseticidas para matar as pragas. E se não tivermos coragem de matar um animal, como poderemos apontar uma arma para outro ser humano? Se viermos a ser funcionários do Ministério da Defesa, poderemos encorajar as pessoas a serem objetoras de consciência. Se viermos a ser governadores, poderemos nos opôr à construção de usinas nucleares em nosso estado e, assim, sermos expulsos do sistema. Muitos de nós compartilham esse sentimento. Sentimo-nos constrangidos com a nossa sociedade e expressamos nossa oposição de múltiplas maneiras. (...) Esse tipo de compreensão não é resultado de nenhuma ideologia ou sistema de pensamento, mas fruto da experiência direta da realidade em seus múltiplos relacionamentos. Ele requer o abandono do pensamento habitual que fragmenta a realidade, realidade que na verdade é indissolúvel." (Thich Nhat Hanh, http://interserblog.blogspot.com , por Samuel Cavalcante.)

sexta-feira, 24 de outubro de 2008

Líder do Tibetan People's Uprising Movement

Líder do Tibetan People's Uprising Movement,

Ven. Ngawang Woeber, President GuChuSum Association of Ex-Political Prisoners.


quinta-feira, 23 de outubro de 2008

Levante Tibetano ao redor do mundo

Levante Tibetano ao redor do mundo, a partir de março de 2008. Por um Tibete livre!


sexta-feira, 10 de outubro de 2008

Woeser, uma poetisa tibetana

Woeser, a poetisa que se esqueceu de sentir medo!
Seu blog: http://woeser.middle-way.net

sexta-feira, 12 de setembro de 2008

The "Olympics Diary" of a Tibetan

The following diary is a blog by a Tibetan student from Amdo in Tibet, originally posted in Chinese language on Chinese language website, newcenturynews.com, and its English translation was posted on chinadigitaltimes.net. The blog provides a glimpse into life in a remote Tibetan area as the Olympics were being celebrated in Beijing.

Today is Tuesday, July 22, 2008, and it is the tenth day since I came back to my hometown. Within these ten days, even when I refused to watch any TV and kept myself away from the internet, almost every day I could still hear about and see things concerning the Beijing Olympics in the home of a countryman in a remote area in Tibet. Therefore, today I decided to write a special diary - an Olympic Diary. I want to record all the details about how I felt about the Beijing Olympics in this remote place in Tibet when the Olympics were about to begin in Beijing, when I had no access to internet or TV. July 22, 2008, Tuesday, The Olympics Blow against My Face During breakfast my father, who had just come back from herding the cattle, said that there was a new bunker (diaobao) made up of sandbags at the end of the bridge over the big river, and fully armed soldiers were on duty. My father clicked his tongue in wonder and was amazed at the speed, saying “yesterday there was nothing, then this morning it suddenly appeared like this.” My family was discussing this while having breakfast. Though the old people could not remember the time when a bunker was built at the end of the bridge, no one was surprised at the appearance of the bunker. In addition, my family unanimously believes that this change was a preparatory measure taken by the government for the imminent Olympics. I was surprised to see my family’s natural and calm reaction to this event and their unanimous judgment concerning it, and I found out that they were accustomed to such things - such actions taken by the government, especially when the Olympics were about to begin. At the dinner table, my father said that he heard that every county seat of the entire prefecture would be sealed off, all public transport would be stopped and no cars or people were allowed to travel between the county seats. I asked my father how was it possible to do this! He said to me everything was possible, and told me that at the time of the March 14 Incident they also did this. At that time, all the transportation stopped, and only some sedan cars were allowed to travel between counties after passing through many inspections. As soon as I heard my father’s words, I also felt it is possible to do this, and the government was capable of doing anything imaginable. As long as one could ensure there would be no incidents during the Olympics, and as long as one could report to one’s superiors on completing their tasks, then interfering with the normal living habits of the people and obstructing the normal social order would be considered to be minor issues. They do not even need to think about them, let alone provide explanations for their actions. When I though about it further, I felt it was not good! If the county seat were to be sealed off in August, then what should I do with the present to ZH? Originally I had agreed to send it to him in late August, but if the county seat were to be sealed off, then it would be impossible for me to go to Chengdu. I pondered it over further, then I decided to send the present to my friend in Beijing. In the afternoon, I went to the post office, and I saw many people were in front of the counters. For post offices in small towns, there are neither rules for people to wait for their number nor the habit to line up, thus, everybody was trying to push forward. After all the trouble for me to get to the front, and after a few Han Chinese male workers from other regions finished sending their money, the clerk asked me what I wanted to send, and told me that some things which we could usually send could not be sent during the Olympics. I was thinking to myself, “Olympics this and Olympics that, in the end would it allow people to live or not?” I said to the clerk, “Why can’t I send it? I am just sending a small present!” I should be grateful to the government for not listing this small toy in the list of the contraband. Though it took me a while, at long last, I sent the present. Ah, I felt the flavor of the Olympics had already blown against my face. July 23, 2008, Wednesday, Cordyceps, Pine Mushrooms and the Olympics There are more and more pine mushrooms on the mountains now. In the small town of the county seat where common people’s income mainly comes from cordyceps and pine mushrooms, every family is analyzing the market price for them, and is preparing to welcome the arrival of the pine mushroom season. In the afternoon, the husband of my mother’s sister came to our house to discuss with my uncle how to do this year’s business concerning pine mushrooms. I learned from their discussion that since last year there had been hearsay among the common people that a great number of foreigners and their leaders would come to Beijing during the Beijing Olympics, and at that time Beijing would buy a large amount of pine mushrooms and cordyceps to treat these foreigners. In addition, when these foreigners went home, they would also buy pine mushrooms and cordyceps, therefore, they believed that the prices for cordyceps and pine mushrooms during the Olympics would be very high, and they were filled with joy.The price of cordyceps last year and at the beginning of this year was very high, but at the time when the season of cordyceps is about to end the price began to fall, and the average price fell one third of the original price. Since the common people have great expectations for the stimulation to the market brought by the arrival of the Olympics, many people have not even sold cordyceps collected last year. They have been waiting for the Olympics, and they have been planning to exchange them for more money during the Olympics. Unexpectedly, eventually the Olympics indeed brought great stimulation to the market, but the stimulation was negative. Now, before the arrival of the Olympics, the price of cordyceps has already hit the bottom. My uncle said that this year’s pine mushroom market was rather slow. In former years, before pine mushrooms even started to grow, the Chinese businessmen from inland China, both the big and the small, would have rushed here. But this year pine mushrooms had already started to grow, yet only a few businessmen had come, and the price was much lower than that of last year. For the past few years, due to the fact that the transportation has become more and more convenient, the form of pine mushrooms sold changed from being boiled to being frozen to be sent directly to Inland China and abroad. In addition, some people also cut pine mushrooms into pieces, then dried them, and finally sold them as dry pieces. My uncle said that if the county seat was to be sealed off, or even now when the county seat had not been sealed off, it had already been rather troublesome for Tibetans to travel between inland China and Tibetan areas. On their way there were many checkpoints, and when they arrived at inland China, it was not convenient for them to stay in hotels. Usually the hotels would refuse to allow you to register to stay there because you were Tibetan. If the government restricted or stopped cars or people from travelling between cities, it would be a fatal strike against the pine mushroom market. My uncle said with a forced smile, “I originally thought that the Olympics would bring us common people some good luck, but I never expected it would be like this. If the situation continues, it will be impossible for us to do anything. It seems that during the Olympics I can only stay home and watch the Olympics.” July 26, 2008, Saturday The Olympic Syndrome In the morning my younger brother got a call from a friend in the same village. A few of his friends had quarreled with the patrol group (known as 110 in China) after drinking, as a result, they were severely beaten and locked up. He called my brother, hoping that he would ask our relatives working at the Public Security Bureau to intercede on their behalf and release them. As soon as my brother told us about it, this immediately caused my father to lecture him. My father said to my brother, “Now it is the special period of the Olympics, you must be very cautious and should not go out as you please. In the event that any incidents happen, then the patrolling group will exaggeratedly label you as somebody who attempts to sabotage the stability of the society during the Olympics, then you will bite off more than you can chew.” My father said that if it were not the special period of the Olympics, these drunkards would have been released earlier on, thus, my brother also had to be cautious.At noon I received a call from a friend, telling me that a British friend of mine who had been working in Beijing had been deported. My British friend, a second generation Tibetan from Britain, grew up abroad and is a graduate from a world famous university. She is well versed in a few languages, and had been teaching in Beijing. She and I have a lot of common things to talk about, and we frequently discuss the different hobbies, likings and viewpoints between Tibetans in Tibet and abroad. When I left Beijing, I pleaded with her to be cautious and to take good care of herself. I reminded her that during the Olympics she had to be particularly careful because even if one had not done anything which merited their attention, the government was in an extremely sensitive and intense state. As a Tibetan and as a Tibetan in Beijing, especially as an overseas Tibetan in Beijing, I believe that all her actions were under the government’s surveillance. Since I do not have access to internet or do not watch TV, it is impossible for me to know the details about her deportation. I learned some through this phone call. I heard that she was suddenly taken away when she was at home, and after a few hours’ interrogation, she was directly taken to a plane heading for Britain. The spokesman for the Foreign Ministry later said that she was a core member of the Tibetan Youth Congress, but at that time she thought that she had not done anything which violated the Chinese law; furthermore her visa had not yet expired, thus, she was very angry. When she asked those Public Security officers to show her the evidence, those people told her that she knew clearly what she had done. I know when she came back to Beijing from Britain in April, she was interrogated for over two hours at the airport, and it was because she was a Tibetan. Now, it is very likely that her identity started all the “trouble”. I remember that this time it is the Olympics which granted me the chance to come home and have a rather long vacation. As early as June, or after the March 14 Incident, the life of Tibetans in Beijing was not very easy. I arrived in Beijing from Lhasa in May. On the train, the policemen recorded my I.D. number several times. After arriving in Beijing, I learned from Tibetans in Beijing that the Public Security Bureau of every Tibetan area had sent local policemen to interrogate and examine Tibetans from the various Tibetan areas, and they would not leave until the Olympics was over. Many Tibetans working in Beijing left for home one after another, and are planning to come back after the Olympics. I should also be counted as one of them. When I was having a meal with some foreign tourists in a Tibetan area, they said that all the Chinese have the “Olympics Syndrome.” Indeed, all the Chinese have the “Olympics Syndrome” and display different symptoms. Some are excited, others are scared. While some people are looking forward to it, others hate it. For some people, the Olympics are just like a holiday, but to others they are like a nightmare. That foreign tourist said that he could feel that the Olympics had already become the object of cursing among the common Tibetans. The Olympics has indeed already become a “sickness”, an illness like SARS, at least for Tibetan areas and Tibetan people. Tibetans like me fled Beijing to avoid the Olympics as if we have were trying to avoid SARS. However, after I came back to the Tibetan area, I saw that the local government was in combat readiness, and even though it is not SARS, yet it is more like SARS because of the checkpoints at all the intersections and the fact that the county seat is going to be sealed off shortly. In fact, what we are trying to avoid is not the Olympics. If we Tibetans did not enjoy the identity of being “second class citizens” in China or we were not suspected of being ‘terrorists” as long as we are Tibetans, most of us would probably welcome the world’s great sport gathering, and most of us would probably stay in Beijing to watch the Olympic games. The Olympics is just like a mirror, which shows the situation of Tibetans in China July 29, 2008, Tuesday The Olympics Are Very Odd I have met many fellow villagers. They asked me why I did not stay in Beijing to watch the Olympic Games, I could only smile and tell them that there were too many people in Beijing, so I came back to watch the Olympics. At night I saw the lights of police cars flashing, and many people gathering together. I learned from my friend who is a policeman that since this evening the Public Security Bureau is going to formally carry out one task, that is every day they are going to check and register all outsiders, especially Tibetans. My friend said that this is one of the measures taken by the local public security forces to welcome the Olympics. As a matter of fact, the activities by the Public Security Bureau of the county to welcome the Olympics started a long time ago. On the street whose main road is no longer than two kilometers the police have already installed monitors, and there are also monitors filling the areas near the local monasteries. It is said that the monitors in the monasteries are being directly controlled by the Public Security Bureau of the prefecture. My policeman friend was assigned to guard the intersection near the county seat. He loves fun and games, and he often rides his motorcycle to visit us. When we were taking a walk along the street, because he was afraid that his colleagues sitting in front of the monitors would find him with us on the street, whenever we arrived at a place where the monitor was, he would always hide behind us or take a detour around it. Luckily he himself is a policeman and he is familiar with where the monitors have been installed. As for us common people, even if we want to elude the monitors, we will not be able to do so. I was thinking to myself at that time if we calculate the proportion between the number of monitors and population, even London, which allegedly has the most densely distributed monitors, will definitely have fewer monitors than the small county seat in the Tibetan area. In this sense, the Olympics has pushed the modernization of the Tibetan areas forward a great stride. In the afternoon my friend who is teaching in the countryside went back to his working unit. The county government required each working unit to have people on duty 24 hours a day, including the schools already on vacation. The county authorities call this the task of “welcoming the Olympics and safeguarding stability.” On local streets there are police cars patrolling 24 hours a day, and the fully armed soldiers are guarding the main roads with weapons in their hands. The county government acts as if they were confronting a mortal enemy, and their propaganda has always emphasized “stability”… The tense facial expression of people who are working for the government institutions is a charming contrast to the big red banner with the words “Happily welcoming the Olympics” hanging on the streets. The Olympics are very odd. July 31, 2008 Thursday What on Earth Are We Doing? In the morning my sister who is in the primary school said to me, “Brother, the Olympics will start in eight days.” Yesterday I even saw the mayor of Beijing crying on TV. I asked why he cried, my sister said he might be too happy. In the afternoon I saw some pictures displayed at the public square. On one side of the square one sees the publicity pictures introducing the history of the Olympics and the preparatory works for the Beijing Olympics, but on the other side of the square one sees the pictures revealing the darkness of the serfdom in old Tibetan society, what they call the “despicable deeds” of the “Dalai clique” and the “earth-shaking” changes in Tibetan areas after the founding of the New China. When the torch relay met with demonstrations abroad, the Chinese government sternly criticized others saying that one should not politicize the Olympics; however, when the same torch burned in front of the Potala Palace, the Chinese government claimed that TAR party secretary Zhang’s rebuking of the Dalai Lama is only expressing his personal view. Now when that torch is going to be ignited in Beijing, even when a small county seat like this is publicizing the Olympics, it is still criticizing the Dalai Lama. May I ask who is politicizing the Olympics?My friend who works in the propaganda department was dispatched to teach the local Tibetan dialect to the troops stationed in the area. He told me that they needed to teach the soldiers how to say “Stop”, “Don’t move”, “Tibetans and the Chinese belong to the same family,” etc. He told me that the soldiers asked him, “We heard that the monks in the monasteries are very strong and they are very good at fighting. Is that so?” My friend said that when he was teaching the soldiers these contradictory and extremely hypocritical words such as “stop”, “do not move” and “Tibetans and Chinese belong to the same family,” it was already hard for him to bear. Then when he heard the questions these soldiers asked, and when he saw these fully armed soldiers considered the monasteries and monks we respect the most as imagined enemies, he shuddered, and was at a loss for words. He lowered his head, and repeatedly said the following sentences, “We are providing assistance to those outsiders who are employed to fight the war, and their objects of war are monks we respect the most and our compatriots. What are we doing?”, “What on earth are we doing?” August 1, 2008 Friday The Holiday Today is Army Day. The local government organized an art performance entitled “Welcoming the Olympics and celebrating August 1st.” The main performers are the officers and soldiers who began to be stationed in the region after the “March 14 Incident” and the art troupe formed by retired cadres. There were many policemen on duty near the site of the performance, and all the leaders of the county came to watch the performance. The soldiers and militias were watching the performance, and many common people also came to join the fun. The first program was the song ” the daughters of one mother” sang in chorus by the art troupe. Next they performed a few other programs with either singing or dancing. The content of their performances was simply either praising the motherland or the Communist Party. These people have worked within the system of the Communist Party for their whole life, but they are not resting after their retirement, and they are still contributing to “the communist cause.” As a member of the group who has benefited from the system, they have enough time and energy to rehearse these programs to be performed specifically for the leaders, and they do not need to busy themselves for their living like most of the Tibetan people. As people who have benefited after the Communist Party entered Tibet, they certainly have ample reason and fervour to praise the party who brought new life for them. The host of the show called the troops stationed in the area after “March 14 Incident” “the troops stationed and patrolling the area.” But their performance was completely another style which I do not think of as performance, but it is a kind of intimidation, which makes people feel horrified and disgusted. They “performed” the Chinese martial arts, various fistfights, using the various parts of one’s body to break sticks, putting a few bricks on their bodies and smashing them with hammers and other various ways to subdue “bad guys” with shiny daggers… Their performances like these made the common people who came to watch them excited and scared as well. Every time when they performed an action which showed that their bodies were suffering, the spectators off the platform began to scream, and they were all worrying whether their bodies would be hurt or injured by the sticks. An old woman next to me prayed repeatedly and said, “Do not do this, why bother to do these things? It must hurt a lot. The Three Jewels bless these poor children.” After the performance was over, the common people repeatedly wondered at the skills of these soldiers, and they, to some degree, held these soldiers in awe. Ah, my compatriots, I am wondering whether you know that the cruel actions they performed on the stage today were specially “prepared” for us. My kind-hearted compatriots, when others were wantonly displaying the various means to torture us in our land, we not only did not feel it was intimidation or provocation; on the contrary, we worry about them, and appreciated it as an outstanding performance. My compatriots, the people who are really pitiful are ourselves.Throughout the entire performance, those leaders were smiling. I do not know whether they did so to pose before the video cameras so as to serve as a foil to the ardent festival atmosphere or they were really satisfied with the performance today. They should be satisfied that their performance achieved the effect that they were hoping for. When I carefully pondered over such a program which would be performed in every place in Tibetan areas and every holiday, and was a very common and very normal activity in Tibetan areas, I found that it reflected such a truth: On the big stage of Tibetan areas, most Tibetans who should be the main characters have passively become bystanders, but the directors and the main characters are a minority of Tibetans who represent the interest group who have benefited from the current system and the army and the government who represented the strong ruler from outside. The design of the stage, the arrangement of the content of the programs, the timing of the programs and the choice of the place are determined by these people. These two groups of people co-ordinated so well on the stage, and they praised and flattered each other. It seems that their relations are perfect, and they truly consider themselves to be main characters!But, how about most of our Tibetan compatriots? Though we are not able to speak with our own voice in the main home field, we are marginalized in our land, we have become bystanders on the stage which should belong to us, and we have become a powerless group in our own home, yet most of our people still do not feel anything at all, and are still muddleheaded. Even if some of them are aware of something, they are not willing to ponder the issue. Under the circumstances, don’t they feel that they have no ability to save the desperate situation? Do they think it is better to feel the pleasant sensation when they are raped rather then resisting? Is it possible that they even fell in love with the rapist after being raped several times? Or isn’t it that we have not plunged to the most pitiful situation yet? Or is it possible that our kind-hearted and compassionate hearts deceived our ability to think rationally? During the entire performance, I have not heard anybody saying one Tibetan line on the stage, including the host, the actors and actresses. I saw the Tibetans onstage in Tibetan robes decorated with tiger skins singing the so-called Tibetan songs in Chinese. The performers were trying their best, the audience was having a great time, the leaders were satisfied with the performance, thus, everybody was happy. I looked at them, then looked at myself. At that moment I wanted to cry. August 5, 2008, Tuesday The Torch in Chengdu and the Torch in Tibet I heard that in Xinjiang there were incidents in which the troops were ambushed, and my family all thought that these were done by the “Xinjiang separatists” to stop the Olympics. My kind-hearted mother sighed and said, ” The government has taken great pains in preparing for it for a long time, and they must want the Olympics to go smoothly. What are those people who sabotage it doing? The government is trying so hard, they should help the government to achieve their goal. If they want to stir up trouble, they can do so later. The government is rather pitiful.” My kind mother has the virtue of helping others to fulfill their wish, which is intrinsic to all Tibetans, but she does not know that the so-called “separatists” were risking their lives to fight for the basic qualifications to be a human. My uncle said that today the torch relay had been held in Chengdu. When he saw on TV the exaggerated postures of those people carrying the torch, he really felt those people did not have any conscience, “We should think how long ago the earthquake just ended. They must be without any conscience, otherwise how can they make those exaggerated and arrogant actions? These Chengdu people are indeed exaggerated and doing things without taking the situation into consideration.” My uncle appeared to be very angry. I asked him whether he watched the TV broadcast of the torch relay in Lhasa, but he said he did not. The county seat under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Province has the word “Tibetan” and “Autonomous” in front of its name, yet even under the Chinese Communist Party’s policy of stultifying the masses and assimilation, even in the eyes of a young Tibetan intellectual, Chengdu will be the center in real life, rather than Lhasa. Thus, he would not watch the torch relay in Lhasa, but he would watch the torch relay in Chengdu very carefully. When the torch relay reached Lhasa, Lhasa just experienced a “political earthquake” as well, unlike the torch relay in Chengdu where there were no traces left by the earthquake except a few minutes of standing in silent tribute. In the process of the torch relay in Lhasa one could feel everywhere that the impact of this political earthquake was far from fading away. Even though the Lhasa authorities would like to try their best to display the enthusiastic scenes of the Tibetan people welcoming the arrival of the Olympic torch relay in Lhasa, one could still see the tense situation and anxiety of the holy city even in the TV broadcasts with skillful filming. One saw the armed police and troops guarding the area all the way as the torch relay went through as well as the torch bearers who functioned as political symbols. Except the starting point and the ending point where one would see some people, in other places along the way of the torch relay it was desolate without many people. In particular, the political speech full of provocations made by the Party Secretary Zhang show that the Lhasa people did not really welcome the torch relay, and even if they welcomed the torch relay, they did so with fear. It is said that on the day when the torch relay took place in Lhasa, the common people were notified they were not allowed to go outdoors as they pleased. The groups of people on both sides of the streets welcoming the torch relay, as appeared on TV, were actually painstakingly arranged by the authorities. Those people were selected through much investigation many days in advance, then they were gathered together one day before the torch relay and were arranged to stay in designated hotels. The authorities checked the number of people and their names three times. On the day when the torch relay took place, at 4:00 am they were gathered together. After countless checks, they put on their robes and held the red flags in their hands as they were required to do so, then they were transported to the streets through which the torch relay would go, and would wait for the arrival of the torch relay under the supervision of the Chinese troops. Their task was to show the excitement and happiness of the Lhasa people in front of the Chinese people when the torch relay and the video cameras arrived. If the torch bearers in Chengdu were to be criticized for having no conscience, then we should have more sympathy and feel more distressed for the Lhasa people. The psychological and political “earthquake” will have greater damage than the geographical earthquake, and its impact will last longer. I do not know whether the authorities thought of this. August 9, 2008 Saturday The Opening Ceremony of the Olympics Tells the World: China Has only one Nationality - the Han Nationality First The Olympics started, and it seems that Chinese could eventually relax after they had held their breath for a long time. Second The scene of the Opening ceremony was magnificent with an impressive display of power. The Chinese are best at making large-scale things, and what they like most is to make everything grand. The current system also provides the vital support for large scale performance like the opening ceremony. What the Communist Party provides is not just money, personnel, facilities and the unconditional co-operation of the various departments, but more importantly, the conditions of its despotic rule. Even if such activities harass people, waste money, were time-consuming and strenuous, as long as they can achieve the Communist party’s goal, then all these issues which make the governments of the democratic countries rack their brains to take them into consideration will became the least important things in China. Third All the vehicles symbolizing Chinese culture appeared in the opening ceremony. They include Chinese drums, Chinese paintings, the writer’s four essentials - brush, ink stick, ink slab and paper, the Chinese characters, Confucius, the Great Wall of China, traditional operas, the Silk Road, rites and music and the Supreme Ultimate etc. During the few hours of the performance, the “fifty-five flowers” (the minority nationalities) among the “fifty-six flowers” only flashed by twice, and each time their appearance could be counted in seconds.The host said that the opening ceremony shows the profoundness of the Chinese traditional culture. China indeed has a long history and profound culture, but one needs to understand that there are fifty-six nationalities in China, not just Han Chinese. Among the fifty-six nationalities, it is not just Han Chinese who have a history and culture to be shown off to the world. But through this Olympics, the Chinese government is telling the world that China equals the Han nationality, and Chinese history equals Han Chinese history. I originally had some expectations for the opening ceremony of the Olympics, because I thought it should be a formal overall performance in the presence of the people of the entire world, but after I finished watching the opening ceremony, I was deeply disappointed. When I saw 2008 people performing and wearing the ancient Han Chinese costumes and citing sayings of Confucius; when I saw the Great Wall of China which is called “the symbol of the Chinese nation,” but in fact which was used to defend against the ancestors of us minorities; and when I saw the so-called Chinese culture fill the scene - actually the culture of the Han nationality alone, I felt a sort of familiar strangeness. Who is Confucius? What is the Great Wall of China? As a member of the minority nationality, and as a member of a nationality who has a completely different culture, history and psychological quality from those of the Han nationality, in my opinion, Confucius is just an intellectual of an alien race. Though he made certain contributions to mankind, yet I have never been or will never be proud of him as my ancestor. In my eyes, the Great Wall of China is only a building displaying the wisdom and hard work of mankind in the history of mankind, and in fact it was built to defend against what they called “barbarians”, our ancestors, thus, is there any possibility that we minorities will find a sense of pride in the Great wall of China? In the future, please do not nag me with such phrases as the “Chinese nation” and such hypocritical and disgusting words as “We are all descendants of Yan Di and Huang Di, and we are all children of the Chinese nation.” The Han nationality who is already holding power told the world and 100 million minorities in China that it is China, and its history is the history of China. Fourth What makes one sadder is that Beijing is in revelry and the entire Tibetan area is shrouded in terror. Even though the precautions taken by the government are strict and the atmosphere is tense, it is fortunate that the sealing off of the town has not happened yet. Isn’t this something we should feel fortunate for? But, at the time when the entire country is celebrating, we are going so far as to feel so fortunate that we have not been segregated collectively by the country to which we are supposed to belong. This again is such an absurd thing! If all belongs to the Chinese nation, then should it be like this? Is it reasonable to go so far as it is now? On one hand the Chinese government, in the name of sports, kidnapped the appeals for democracy and freedom, and shamelessly criticized those appeals for “politicizing the Olympics”; on the other hand they are pushing the whole world into the trap of a carnival named “The world’s sports,” with hopes of strengthening the basis for their autocracy so as to realize their aim of long-term political despotic rule. Such a contemptible action is just their style.


terça-feira, 2 de setembro de 2008

Ganden: uma escola sobrevivente no Tibete


"O assobio do vento atravessando as frestas da grande porta de madeira é interrompido pelo badalar do sino que anuncia a prece matinal. Sob uma suave neblina no pátio central do monastério de Ganden, a 45 km da capital tibetana, Lhasa, o monge Dorjee e seus 28 companheiros iniciam às 6 horas da manhã um ritual que se repete há cinco séculos. Debruçados sobre as escrituras sagradas do budismo, eles memorizam ensinamentos, meditam e rezam por tempos politicamente menos turbulentos. 'A influência dos monastérios budistas sempre foi motivo de preocupação para o governo comunista chinês', diz o monge. 'Estamos entre as poucas instituições com potencial para oferecer oposição a Pequim', completa.

As preces matinais seguem durante a manhã, até a hora do desjejum, por volta das 10. Carne de porco, arroz com vegetais cozidos e lamen (uma espécie de macarrão) chinês compõem o menu, pouco variado. Enquanto se alimenta, o jovem vê pela janela o primeiro ônibus de turistas chegar ao portão: outro ritual que se repete, embora seja um fenômeno mais recente, iniciado no ano em que Dorjee nasceu, em 1987, quando o acesso à região autônoma do Tibete foi permitido para a indústria do turismo internacional.

Eu havia chegado um pouco mais cedo, com uma van de lotação que traz os feirantes e sai de Lhasa às 6 horas. Assistia à chegada dos ônibus na crista da colina Wangkur, onde Ganden repousa majestosamente 4,5 mil m acima do nível do mar. Situado num dos únicos vales acessíveis com transporte público, na remota província de Ü, seu nome se refere ao paraíso de Maitrea.

Era meu segundo dia de visita. Havia pernoitado em uma pensão de peregrinos e já tinha um amigo local. O comunicativo monge Dorjee - e seu impressionante inglês autodidata - me ajudava a entender a dinâmica do dia-a-dia dos monges de Ganden e conversava livremente sobre política, futebol e outros temas.

Após o horário da refeição, um extenso momento de recreio traz os monges mais jovens para o terraço onde os turistas se encontram, enquanto os mais velhos repousam ou recolhem as oferendas. O pátio se transforma num campo de futebol com jogadores tímidos, agora cercados de turistas chineses. Nove dos 12 ônibus que chegaram naquela manhã eram de excursões de turismo doméstico. Ruidosos e pouco sensíveis ao ritmo de vida local, os turistas chineses invadiam as salas de aula e badalavam freneticamente os sinos dos portais de Ganden na frente de suas câmeras de vídeo. Pacientes, os monges relevam o comportamento invasivo, enquanto recolhem doações de peregrinos e cobram ingressos dos visitantes.

Ansiosos para treinar o inglês, o grupo de amigos de Dorjee se oferece para mostrar os afrescos em murais no interior dos templos. Nas pinturas estão imagens da escola de Nalanda, o maior centro de estudos da história do budismo, na Índia antiga, cuja linha de pensamento orienta o ensino de Ganden.

O monastério divide os estudantes em dois grupos: alunos de 7 a 18 anos vão para a escola fundamental, onde aprendem inglês, matemática, ciências, artes, gramática tibetana e filosofia budista. Após a cerimônia de graduação, eles prosseguem, se aprofundando em filosofia budista. Para completar os estudos das cinco grandes escrituras da universidade monástica, o jovem deverá estudar por 16 anos e passar por 13 etapas até alcançar o Geshe, o diploma equivalente ao Ph.D em filosofia budista.

No conteúdo da escritura que estudará este ano, Dorjee aprenderá sobre os elementos da natureza, o universo, o carma, a mente, o amor, a compaixão, valores humanos e vidas passadas e futuras. Sempre de acordo com a corrente de pensamento vaibashika, uma das quatro principais escolas filosóficas do budismo. Nas horas livres, o jovem costuma ocupar seu tempo com funções domésticas, futebol, jogos de tabuleiro e marcenaria, mas atualmente vive fascinado com sua câmera digital. Nada de TV ou internet. Embora alguns de seus colegas joguem videogames na cidade, ele prefere se envolver com as causas locais.

Em uma sala-refeitório, me aproximo do grupo de estudantes para uma xícara de chá de manteiga de iaque e um gole de tsampa, a tradicional bebida de cevada fermentada. O período da tarde é ocupado por aulas e encontros com os mestres. No fim do dia, o momento dedicado ao debate costuma durar pouco mais de duas horas e acontece nos jardins e pátios do monastério. 'Debatemos para nos certificar de que todos entenderam os textos da mesma forma', diz Dorjee. 'Ressaltamos os tópicos mais essenciais da escritura estudada e eliminamos as dúvidas e interpretações equivocadas dos ensinamentos', resume.

A noite cai cedo nos profundos vales do Himalaia, e os turistas se vão de volta para Lhasa assim que o Sol se põe. Às 6 horas da tarde, o jantar é servido pelos monges mais velhos e Dorjee está escalado para ajudar na arrumação da cozinha logo após a refeição. Depois de um curto descanso,ele se junta aos colegas para mais três horas de leitura, seguida de meditação e debate. O encontro noturno com os mestres segue até pouco antes da meia-noite sob a luz de grossas velas trazidas pelos peregrinos.

Em meu caminho de volta, um posto militar chinês na estrada confere os meus papéis e os documentos dos outros turistas estrangeiros que viajam no mesmo ônibus. Os passageiros tibetanos se irritam com o atraso provocado pelos soldados e, juntos, desejamos que no futuro a vida seja mais simples e relaxada para ambos - locais e turistas - em território tibetano."

Fonte: Bons Fluidos, Ed. 114, Set. 2008, reportagem de Caio Vilela, pp 88-91.

quarta-feira, 27 de agosto de 2008

Pronunciamentos de S. S. o Dalai Lama

Pronunciamentos de S. S. o Dalai Lama, além dos diretórios on line indicados na postagem inicial desse blog, podem ser vistos em seu livro "LIBERDADE PARA O TIBETE", Editora Novo Século, 1ª edição, 192 pp, 2008.


Ver também o blog
http://budismonobrasil.blogspot.com ...


segunda-feira, 18 de agosto de 2008

Por que o Tibete?


* * * * * * *

"Ao se pensar no Tibete as lembranças trazem o glamour, a contemplação, a vertigem da espiritualidade nas alturas... No entanto, a realidade imposta ao "topo do mundo" é algo inaceitável... 50 anos subjugados pela China. 50 anos de silêncio obsequioso da comunidade internacional diante do gigante vermelho. 50 anos de afronta aos direitos humanos. 50 anos de genocídio de mais de um milhão de tibetanos. 50 anos de destruição de mais de 6 mil monastérios. 50 anos de extermínio de um povo humilde e resignado.

É hora mais do que nunca de se perguntar o que o mundo fará pelo Tibete? Onde estarão as Nações Unidas? Onde estará o Tribunal Internacional de Justiça? Onde estarão os países e as organizações internacionais defensoras e promotoras dos interesses globais? O Tibete não será patrimônio para a humanidade? A sua cultura, as suas tradições milenares, a sua religião, a sua filosofia de não-violência não serão um paradigma exemplar aos valores desenfreados da pós-modernidade no ocidente? Não haverá espaço na Terra para a sobrevivência do Tibete? Com a morte do 14º Dalai Lama o Tibete será definitivamente despersonalizado, desfigurado, enterrado? O Tibete não merece a atenção dos povos? Do direito internacional das gentes?

Na hegemonia do poder e da violência reinantes na Terra não haverá lugar para o pacífico Tibete? Simbolicamente acontecerá uma marcha para a retomada do país, pelos tibetanos, saindo de Dharamsala, na Índia, por volta de 10 de março desse ano de 2008, com previsão de seguir, por cinco meses, cada mês representando uma década da dominação de sangue, com chegada igualmente simbólica marcada para o dia 8 de agosto, rumo à fronteira indochinesa, instante da abertura dos Jogos Olímpicos de Pequim...

Também aproveitando esse momento único na história, após a invasão de meio século, do massacre de inocentes protagonizado pelos chineses, realizar-se-á uma "Olimpíada do Tibete", em Dharamsala, cidade sede do governo tibetano no exílio, residência oficial do Dalai Lama, seu líder político e espiritual máximo. Acontecerá de 15 a 25 de maio, como "um pequeno passo esportivo, mas um grande salto político"... Pois o que se quer é a libertação do Tibete! Entretanto, isso só virá com a participação de todos, com a devida pressão da opinião pública mundial, com a manifestação dos cidadãos dos diversos recantos do planeta, com a mente construtiva e a esperança renovada dos seres humanos, com a sua manifestação, com a nossa, em fortalecimento a uma sucessão de fatos imprescindíveis para o restabelecimento da independência do Tibete.

O que vamos fazer? O que fará cada um de nós? No site oficial do movimento se pode inscrever e se solidarizar com a causa -
http://tibetanuprising.org . Isso nos parece ser o mínimo para os homens que se dizem do bem. Mas se pode muito mais... Igualmente assinar a petição on line em
http://www.petitiononline.com/tibete01/petition.html e reenviá-la à sua lista. Entrar na Comunidade Free Tibet Brasil em http://www.orkut.com/Community.aspx?cmm=220201 . Participar dos manifestos ...

Para o Dalai Lama, cujo significado do título que carrega é "oceano de sabedoria", "certas ideologias perdem o seu sentido com o correr do tempo. Sendo a vida o nosso bem mais precioso, devemos considerar a vida do próximo como mais preciosa e mais importante ainda que a nossa. Essa observação se faz pertinente ao longo de todas as épocas. Especialmente nestes tempos atuais, sobre os quais pende a ameaça da destruição total do mundo, se apresenta cada vez mais convincente". Assim, invertendo os papéis, do nosso amor e da nossa compaixão dependem agora o Tibete e o seu povo.

Alea jacta est, a sorte está lançada! Com a palavra, você! E não só! O que vamos conseguir dependerá de todos nós! Seremos merecedores do Tibete? As gerações futuras serão merecedoras das virtudes e riquezas do Tibete?"

(Flávio Marcondes Velloso, professor,

* * * * * * *
* * * * * * *
Musical "Happiness is...", por Yungchen Lhamo
* * * * * * *
* * * * * * *
Tibetan People's Uprising Movement
* * * * * * *
The Story of a Tragedy
* * * * * * *

(...) é preciso que haja incursões junto a S. S. o Dalai Lama, a fim de que se compreenda da necessidade de que uma equipe de renomados experts em Direito Internacional Público seja formada e o Estado tibetano, civilizada, competente e pacificamente, postule em juízo. (Permissa venia, S. S. não está tendo a devida assessoria jurídica. Espiritualidade é algo bastante distinto da justiça dos homens.)

----- Original Message -----
From: "Office of H.H. the Dalai Lama"
To: "F. Marcondes Velloso"
Sent: Wednesday, April 23, 2008 5:37 AM

Dear Friend,
Thank you for your recent email expressing your concern and solidarity with the Tibetan people at this critical moment in our history. We greatly appreciate this. We do not necessarily consider our supporters as being pro-Tibet but rather as supporters of truth, justice and equality.As you may be aware, the recent protests in the "Tibet Autonomous Region" and other Tibetan areas in the neighboring Chinese provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Sichuan in which thousands of Tibetans took to the streets to hold peaceful demonstrations clearly reflects the deprivation of their basic fundamental rights and freedom. The fact is the Tibetans were treated as second-class citizens in their own land. Ever since the completion of the Golmud to Lhasa railway link in 2006, large number of Han Chinese have been migrating to Tibet. As a result, Han Chinese already outnumber Tibetans in bigger towns. For example, in Lhasa which is our capital, the Tibetans number approximately 100,000 compared to 200,000 Chinese. Tibetans are already a minority in their own homeland. This has led to the economic marginalization of the Tibetans. The Tibetans are forced to use Chinese in their daily lives. Therefore, whether intentionally or unintentionally, His Holiness states that some sort of cultural genocide is taking place inside Tibet. In recent years the Chinese authorities have been carrying out patriotic re-education classes in monasteries and nunneries during which monks are forced to denounce His Holiness the Dalai Lama. All these factors have led a feeling of deep-resentment by the Tibetan people which manifested in the recent popular protests.The subsequent brutal suppression and violent crackdown has resulted in the deaths and injuries of several hundred Tibetans. Thousands of Tibetans have been arrested. Presently the situation has become extremely critical that we do not know the whereabouts of many detained and arrested Tibetans. Many monasteries have been surrounded by Chinese paramilitary. The monks and residents of these monasteries have no access even to basic necessities such as food and water. The situation is direly and in need of immediate international attention.
Now coming to a solution to this issue, His Holiness has proposed what is known as his Middle-Way Approach. His Holiness' primary concern is to ensure the survival of the Tibetan people's distinctive identity including its culture, spirituality and environment. He feels that Tibet will get greater benefit if it remains within the People's Republic of China so long as the Chinese government gives us genuine autonomy. With this approach in mind, His Holiness' envoys held six rounds of talks with their Chinese counterparts from 2002 up to 2007. However, in spite of His Holiness' consistent efforts in engaging in a dialogue, the Chinese government still accuses him of being a separatist. The whole world knows that His Holiness is not asking for independence, except China.
The Chinese Government has also been portraying our struggle as anti-Chinese and have accused His Holiness of instigating the recent protests. These allegations are completely unfounded. His Holiness' commitment to the promotion of human values and religious harmony has remained consistent. He has no intention to create antagonism between the Chinese and Tibetans. In a recent appeal to the Chinese people, especially those inside the People's Republic of China, His Holiness stated that our struggle is against the Chinese Government and its policies and not against the Han Chinese. He emphasized that our struggle refers not only to the suppressed Tibetan people but also to the many Chinese who suffer in their own land.His Holiness also expressed his unchanged support for the Olympic Games being hosted by Beijing. He stated that China has the world's largest population, a long history and an extremely rich civilization and therefore deserved to host the Olympics. He stated that hosting the Olympics is a matter of great pride to the 1.2 billion Chinese people.
Therefore, we urgently appeal to international organizations, governments, parliaments and individuals to condemn the brutal repression inside Tibet and to call for the following:1. Immediately end the brutal killings in the whole of Tibet2. Immediately release all arrested and imprisoned Tibetans3. Immediately dispatch an independentfact finding delegation to the whole of Tibet4. Immediately allow the internationalmedia to visit the whole of Tibet5. Extend immediate medical assistance to the injured Tibetans6. Allow free movement of people and provide access to daily needs.
With the very best of my personal regards,Tenzin Gyalpo.
PS: For full text of the statements of His Holiness kindly visit our website at http://www.dalailama.com and for up to date information on the current crisis in Tibet, log into http://www.stoptibetcrisis.org and/or http://www.stoptibetcrisis.net .
You can also support Tibet with your prayers for the suffering Tibetan monks, nuns and lay people inside Tibet. Or by creating awareness among your family members, friends and localities about the ongoing current crisis inside Tibet.

At 04:47 PM 4/11/2008, you wrote:

----- Original Message -----
From: F. Marcondes Velloso
To: Dalai Lama
Sent: Thursday, April 10, 2008 2:06 PM

"Give me your tired, your poor / Your
huddled masses yearning to breathe
free. / The wretched refuse of your
teeming shore. / Send these, the
homeless, tempest tossed to me, / I lift my
lamp beside the golden door!"

(Emma Lazarus, in "The New Colossus",
a sonnet written in 1883,
that is now engraved on a bronze plaque
on a wall in the base of the Statue of Liberty...)

To His Holiness the Dalai Lama:

That is time to go to the International Court of Justice, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, the Peace Palace in the heart of the peaceful city of The Hague, Netherlands, the judicial capital of the World in the history of international judicial peaceful settlement of territorial and boundary disputes.

The Buddhist religion and philosophy play a prominent role in the spiritual, cultural and social life of much of the Eastern world, and the Tibetan State can not simply disappear! Therefore, that is time to constitute a team of experts at International Public Law, the best of the world, and claim, demand for Justice, which means the back of the Dalai Lama and his people to a Free Tibet, the reinstatement of possession, declaring that the continued presence of China in Tibet is illegal and must be terminated as soon as possible, that the Member States of the United Nations should refrain any acts implying recognition of the legality of China's presence in the territory, and that such an obligation extended to States not Members of the United Nations, contributing to the subsequent independence of Tibet. It's time to the International Community stop, once for all, the genocide of a Nation, the Peaceful State of Tibet.

Yours sincerely,
Flávio Marcondes Velloso, professor.

Post Scriptum

----- Original Message -----
From: F. Marcondes Velloso
To: (...)
Sent: Wednesday, April 09, 2008 11:00 PM
Subject: Artigo sobre o Tibete ...

Prezada Professora,

Obrigado pelo artigo sobre o Tibete. De fato, se a Comunidade Internacional fosse menos omissa, o Tibete não estaria sofrendo um genocídio cultural há mais de cinqüenta anos. Desconhecemos na História algum outro líder político e ou espiritual que tenha passado esse tempo em exílio, por qualquer razão que seja.

O Tribunal Internacional de Justiça, órgão independente do Conselho de Segurança, pode e deve ser demandado a fim de possibilitar, pacificamente, como é a irrepreensível e paradigmática conduta do Dalai Lama, nobel da Paz, a "reintegração de posse e conseqüente desocupação dos chineses em território tibetano", o que implica em especial na conseqüente cessação da violação dos direitos humanos no Tibete.

Na oportunidade, sugerimos-lhe que disponibilize a seus alunos a Carta pela Libertação e o Fim da Violência no Tibete, pelo endereço:
http://www.petitiononline.com/tibete01/petition.html . Igualmente convidamos a senhora a que a assine e deixe nela a sua mensagem.

Como sabe, o amor não tem fronteiras nem pertence a esse ou aquele dogma. É mais do que hora de o Dalai Lama e o seu povo poderem voltar para casa. Resignação não é renúncia... Ninguém mais do que ele tem credibilidade, autoridade moral e coerência no que faz. A sua história de vida prova isso, diferentemente de outros líderes mundiais, lamentavelmente.

“Nescis, mi fili, quantilla sapientia regitur mundus”...

Cumprimentos e votos os melhores,
Flávio Marcondes Velloso, professor,
http://fmarcondesvelloso.blogspot.com .